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                          当前位置:舞台灯光网 > 行业新闻 > > 在舞台上如何使用手持话筒录制人声
                          在舞台上如何使用手持话筒录制人声
                          编辑:温情 [ 2018-11-19 16:43:43 ] 稿件:传新科技

                          在舞台上拾取人声的指引

                          DANGWEIRENSHENGBIAOYANXUANZEHUATONGSHI,YINXIANGGONGCHENGSHITONGCHANGQINGXIANGYUXUANZETAMENDUONIANLAIZAIWUTAISHANGCHANGJIANDEXINGHAO。JINGDIANDEXUEGAOTONGXINGZHUANGHUATONGYIJINGTUICHU,JIUCHENGWEIHENDUORENXINMURENSHENGHUATONGDEYANGZI。

                          DANSHISHISHANG,YOUHENDUOCANSHUBIHUATONGDEXINGZHUANGGENGWEIZHONGYAO。WOMENYINGGAIXUANZENAZHONGTEXINGDEHUATONGNI?TADESHENGYINYINGGAIRUHE?TANENGFOUSHIQURENSHENGDEXIJIE?WOMENYINGGAIXUANZEJIANTINGYINXIANGHAISHIRUERSHIJIANTINGXITONG?YONGWUXIANHAISHIYOUXIANHUATONG?CHULEXINGZHUANGYIWAI,WOMENHAIYOUHENDUOCANSHUXUYAOZHUYI。

                          为什么人声话筒的外观通常都像雪糕筒?

                          手持人声话筒这一形状既有历史的原因,也因为这能满足某些音频的需要——最重要的是一个稳定的手柄并可以抑制风声和爆破音。这些基本的要求需要在话筒装置里有相应的空间,因此话筒采用人体工程学设计以适应平均的手掌大小。要最有效地抑制风声及爆破声,最好是内部振膜和嘴之间的距离越大越好,这就需要一定的网罩尺寸。同时,话筒的总尺寸必须比小振膜电容话筒、录音话筒要大,而比大振膜的圆柱形“鸟笼式”录音棚话筒要小。对于表演者,它必须足够大让他们能“隐藏”在后面(就像乐器一样),但又要足够小让表演者能够在舞台上来回移动并能让观众看到。

                          话筒特性

                          CONGZHUANYEGECHANGZHEDEJIAODULAISHUO,HUATONGDEYINSEHEXIANGYINGXUJINKENENGJIEJINTA/TADESHENGYIN。RENSHENGSHIYIGEYUANSHIDELEQI,BUYINGGAIBEIHUATONGGAIBIAN。ZHISHIHEJINGYANGAOSUWOMENZUIHAOSHISHIYONGDIANRONGHUATONGTOUYIDADAOZHEIYIDIAN,YINWEITANENGTIGONGGENGKUAIHEGENGJINGQUEDEDONGTAI,BINGJUYOUGENGXIANXINGDEXIANGYINGHEGENGGAODEJIEXIDU。JINGUANZHEIYIYUANZEKEYIYONGYUWUTAIBIAOYAN,DANWUTAISHANGDETIAOZHANSHIYAOBIMIANCONGYOUHUATONGSHIQUDAOQITAYINYUANERZAOCHENGDEZAOSHENGHEGANRAO。JIYAOKONGZHIRENSHENG,YOUYAOKONGZHILEDUISHENGTONGCHANGSHIBUKENENGDE,GENGBUYONGTIQITADEXIANCHANGYINSU。DIANRONGHUATONGYUDONGQUANHUATONGXIANGBIYOUQIDUYOUDETEXING:DIANRONGHUATONGKEYIZAIYIDINGJULIXIANXINGDIHAIYUANYINYUANDEZIRANSHENGYAJI,ERDONGQUANHUATONGTONGCHANGZHIHUIDUILINJINDEYINYUANZUOCHUFANYING。

                          表演者的考虑

                          任何场合下都不应该低估表演者的心理因素,尤其是在现场演出中。从艺人的感知角度来看,人声话筒是他们的乐器,因此它是一件珍贵的、有价值的工具——在情感上当然是非常重要的。话筒要正确的传递感知价值——感觉如何、重量多少、什么颜色——所有这些细节对选择人声话筒都非常关键。毕竟,对大多数艺人来说,要找到一支使用或表演时都得心应手的话筒,以帮助他们进行艺术创作是一件很重要的事。市面上有很多出色的人声话筒可供选择,但通常都由个人偏好而定。

                          话筒技术

                          ZAITAOLUNYONGXIANCHANGYANCHUYONGDERENSHENGHUATONGSHI,ZUICHANGCANKAODEYIGEJISHUCANSHUSHIHUATONGDEZHIXIANGXING。YOUYUZHIYOUHENSHAOYONGHUHUIZAIWUTAISHANGXUANZEQUANZHIXIANGSHOUCHIHUATONG,YINCIYINXIANGJISHURENYUANHUIGENJUMEIGEXIANGMUXUANCHUZUISHIYONGDEZHIXIANGXINGTUXINGSHINAZHONG。KEGONGXUANZEDEZHUYAOYOUXINXING(cardioid),CHAOXINXING(supercardioid)HEZHAIXINXING(hypercardioid),TAMENYEKEXUANZETOUDAIHUATONG,ZHEIZHONGHUATONGKEYIFANGZHIZAIZUIBIAN,BINGQIEBUYIDINGXUYAOJIAOZHAIDEZHIXIANGTUXING。XIAMIANRANGWOMENDUIMEIZHONGZHIXIANGTUXINGJINXINGDINGYI。

                          XINXING——YECHENGWEIYIJIEXINXINGZHIXIANG——ZAI±90°YOUDAYUE6 dBDEYIZHI,ZUIDADEYIZHIZAI180°(BEIMIAN)。CHAOXINXING——DUICEMIANYOUJIAOGAODEYIZHI,YUEWEI9 dB,ZAI180°(BEIZHOU) HUIYOUYIGEXIAOBAN,HUISHIQUDAODABUFENDEPINLV。ZHEIZHONGMOSHIRANGRENXIANGQITASUOYANSHENGDEBAZIZHIXIANGHUATONGDEFUGAITUXING。YONGHUYAOZHUYI:“CHAOJI”(super)BUYIDINGGENGHAO;TAZHISHIJUYOUJIAOGAODECEMIANSHUAIJIAN。QIZUIGAOKONGZHIYUEZAI±125°。CIWAI,ZHUYIBUYAOJIANGCHAOXINXING(supercardioid)YUZIXINXING(subcardioid,YECHENGWEIKUANXINXING)HUNXIAO,HOUZHEJIEYUZAIXINXINGHEQUANZHIXIANGZHIJIAN。

                          ZHAIXINXING——YU8ZIXINGHUATONGGENGWEIXIANGSI。TAYOUGENGGAODECEMIANYIZHI,YUEWEI12dB,BEIMIANGENGWEIKAIKUO,YIZHIYUEWEI6dB。

                          所有指向性都有其优缺点。现场音响工程师在选择话筒时要考虑的最重要的是每支话筒不同抑制属性。理解这些属性并能将其整合使用话筒获得最佳音频的关键。

                          现场工程师

                          ZENGYIFANKUIBISHIXIANCHANGYANCHUZHONGYAOKAOLVDEZUIZHONGYAOCANSHU。RUGUORENSHENGYUZHOUWEISUOYOUQITASHENGYINDESHENGYAJIBILIYIYANGGAO,WOMENJIUBUHUIYOUWENTI。SHIJISHANG,RENSHENGWUFAYUWUTAIJIANTINGHUODASHENGDELEQI(RUGUHEJITA)JINGZHENG。ZAICHUANGZAOWANMEISHENGYAJISHI,ZHONGYAODESHIYAOJIZHU,CHAOXINXINGHUATONGDUIBEIZHOU(180°)DESHENGYINBIXINXINGGENGLINGMIN,YINCIZAISHIYONGCHAOXINXINGHUATONGSHIYINGBIMIANCIJIAODU。LINGWAI,CHAOXINXINGDECEMIANKONGZHIGENGGAO。

                          GENGWEIFUZADESHI,HUATONGHUIZAIGESHOUSHIYONGSHIGAIBIANTEXING,YINWEIRENDETOUBUHUICHENGWEISHENGXUEFANSHEQIYINGXIANGMOUXIEPINLV。ZHEIHUIZAOCHENGZHIXIANGXINGFASHENGMINGXIANBIANHUA。TONGCHANG,HUATONGHUIBIANDEMEINEIMEYOUFANGXIANGXING。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZUIZHONGYAODEDANXINBUSHIXUANZEXINXINGHUOCHAOXINXING,ERSHININXIANGYAOBIMIANLAIZIWAIJIEZAOYINDESHENGYAJI。

                          ZHEISHIJIUYAOKAOLVYAOSHIYONGWUTAIJIANTINGYINXIANGHAISHIRUERSHIJIANTINGXITONG。ZHEIBUSHIBENWENDETAOLUNFANWEI,DANRUGUOJINYUDAOCONGHUATONGDEZENGYIDAOFANKUIBIDEKUNNANLAIKAN,RUERSHIJIANTINGXITONGSHIYOUXIANXUANXIANG。

                          JINJIANGXIAOYING——NINENGKAODEDUOJIN?

                          FANSHIDOUYOUYINGUO。DUIYURENSHENGWUTAIHUATONG,YIXIASHIDIANXINGDEQINGKUANG:YINWEIXUYAOYUQITAYINYUANGELI,SUOYIHUIXUANZEZHIXIANGXING(XINXING、CHAOXINXINGHUOZHAIXINXING)HUATONG。

                          DAIZHIXIANGDEHUATONGSHIYALITIDUMOSHI,SHIYONGDEZHENMOXIANGDUIROURUAN。YINGENGROUREN,HUICHANSHENGYIXIEBINGFEIYUANYURENSHENG、ERYOUBUXIANGYAODESHENGYIN,LIRUBAOPOYINHEFENGSHENG。ZHEIJIUSHIWEISHENMEDADUOSHUWUTAIHUATONGXUYAOSHIYONGPAOMOFANGFENGZHAOHEFANGPENLVWANG。YONGHUYAOZHUYI:PAOMOFANGFENGZHAOKENENGHUIGAIBIANHUATONGDEGAOPINXIANGYINGHEZHIXIANGTEXING。ZAIXUDUOQINGKUANGXIA,YOUYUJIAORUANDEZHENMOCAILIAOJUYOUGENGGAOYANSHE,YOUBIYAOCAIYONGJIANZHENCUOSHI。

                          ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,YAOHUODEJIAOGAODESHUCHUHUOCHUANGZAOGENGQINMIDEBIAOYANFENWEI,GESHOUMENJINGCHANGJIANGTAMENDEZUICHUNTIEJINHUATONGDEWANGZHAO。RANER,TAMENDEZUIBULIHUATONGTAIJINHUIZAOCHENGLINGRENFANNAODESHENGXUESHIZHEN,TINGQILAIYOUYIXIEKADASHENG(SHIYIXIAYONGYIZHISHOUZHIDANGZAIZUICHUNQIANMIANSHUOHUA,NINJIUNENGTINGDAO)。YINCI,YAOZHUYIHUATONGCHULIGAOSHENGYAJIDENENGLI。DANGGESHOUDEZUICHUNTIEZHEHUATONGGECHANGSHI,CHAOGUO150dBDEFENGZHISHENGYAJIBINGFEIBUCHANGJIAN。YOUJINGYANDEGESHOUHUIZAITAMENDEZUIBUHEHUATONGZHIJIANYULIUHENDUANDEJULIBIAOYAN,ZHEIYANGHUIDUIXINXING(YALITIDU)HUATONGDEDIYINBUFENCHANSHENGYINGXIANG。

                          无论用哪种方式,事实仍然是当使用带指向的话筒时,低音的声压水平会使话筒与歌手的嘴部距离而定。一支好的人声话筒会优化其近讲效应以适合用在此应用上。它也有一个合理的距离容差让其可以发挥作用。

                          无线或有线

                          MEIYOUXIANLAN,KEYIZIYOUYIDONGDANGRANSHIYOURENDE,DANYUYOUXIANBANBENXIANGBI,WUXIANXITONGRENGRANXIANGDANGANGGUI,ERQIEBUNENGWANQUANBIMIANZAOSHENGHESHIZHEN。TONGCHANGNINXUANZEDERENSHENGHUATONGKEYISHIWUXIANHUOSHIYOUXIAN。DPADEQIZHONGYIKUANRENSHENGHUATONG——d:facto™ RENSHENGHUATONGKEYIZUOWEIYOUXIANBANBENGONGHUO,DANZHIXUJIANDANDININGXIAHUATONGTOUJIANGTAZHUANGZAIWUXIANSHOUBINGSHANGJIUKEYIBIANCHENGDINGZHIDEWUXIANHUATONG。NINZAIGOUMAI2028RENSHENGHUATONGSHI,KEYIXUANZEYOUXIANBANBEN,HUOSHILIANGZHONGWUXIANBANBENDEQIZHONGYIZHONG。

                          DPA 2028

                          2028采用超心型话筒头并具有DPA知名的平滑离轴响应。这使得话筒能产生非常高的反馈前增益,同时让音响师更容易处理邻近乐器的串声。2028会以最自然的方式拾取这些离轴的声音。

                          WOMENWEI2028SHEJILEQUANXINDEHUATONGTOU。TASHIHUATONGDEYIBUFEN,GUDINGZAIFANGZHENJIADEDINGBUQIEBUNENGBEICHAIXIALAI。2028CAIYONGZHUANMENSHEJIDEQUANXINFANGZHENJIAHEFANGPENZHAO。

                          特 性

                          ZHIMINGDEDPASHENGYIN

                          ZIRANDERENSHENG——CONGMINYAODAOJINSHULEDUI

                          JIANSHAOXIAOJIAOWENTI

                          JIANGUNAIYONG,ZUGOUYINGDUIXIANCHANGKUOSHENG

                          YIZHIDECHAOXINXINGZHIXIANG

                          CHAOGAODESPLCHULINENGLI

                          ZAIXIANCHANGKUOSHENGWUTAI,2028KEYITIGONGYUQITADPAHUATONGYIYANGKAIKUOHETOUMINGDESHENGYIN。SHISHISHANG,TAWUXU(HUOZHIXUHENSHAO)WEISHENGYINJIAEQ,GANJUEJIUXIANGZHANZAIGESHOUDEPANGBIANTINGTAMENDEBIAOYANYIYANG。ZHEIRANGGESHOUKEYIXIANGMEIYOUHUATONGZAICHANGYIYANGGECHANG,JIANSHAOTAMENDEYALI。LINGWAI,TARANGYINXIANGSHIJIANGSHIJIANHUAZAITIGONGGENGHAODESHENGYINTIYANSHANG,ERBUSHIMODIAORENSHENGHENJI。CHUSEDETOUMINGDUSHIDPARENSHENGHUATONGDEDUYOUTESE!

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